What you should know before flying a drone in Romania? [English article]
Firstly, let me say: Hi! 🙂
Right now, you are on a Romanian drone club website. My goal is to make my visitors informed by posting news and tutorials, but all of them are written in Romanian (my native language). This main idea behind this platform is to aggregate news, list SH drones and accessories, gallery of photos / videos registered by members and to have a place where to discuss both serious and dumb questions without anyone to judge you.
Enough with the introduction! 😀
Last year, a few weeks after I bought my first drone (it was a DJI Mavic Mini) and before the first lockdown, I was on a short holiday in Prague, Czech Republic. Before going to Prague, I started reading their law and what I have to respect there in order to avoid getting fined. However, I found a lot of websites and discussions about their laws, but I was more confused after that after I finished my research.
A few days before leaving for Prague, I sent an email to their Civil Aviation agency and I asked them for more information. Unfortunately, their response came a little later, after my holiday was over (it was a one week holiday). 😅
Because it was my first drone and I wanted to be sure that I'm allowed to fly there, I didn't use my drone during this holiday.
Fortunately, things changed after January 1, 2021.
EASA (European Union Aviation Safety Agency) issued a set of regulations to set the framework for the safe operation of drones in European skies (EU and EASA member states). They adopt a risk-based approach, and as such, do not distinguish between leisure or commercial activities. They take into account the weight and specifications of the drone and the operation it is intended to undertake.
However, each state is allowed to restrictionate some aspects of this framework (e.g.: Hungary bans drone weighing than 120 grams without legal approval). Unfortunately, it doesn't work the other way around.
Romania, being part of the EU since 2007, decided to apply the new regulation, but with a small restriction on aerial recording (photo / video).
The good news is that if you have a valid pilot certification for your drone and you are a registered pilot in your country (EU / non-EU), the problem is half solved. The second part involves sending a request to MApN (Ministry of National Defense) (Yep, this website is in English. It was a surprise even for me when I was writing this article).
If you are not registered as a drone pilot and you are from an EU state, I recommend you to check this list, register as pilot in your country and pass all needed certifications before flying your drone in Romania.
So, here's what you need to do:
Update 27.08.2021: If you are willing to fly your drone outside the Bucharest, you might not need the follow the next steps. Starting with 18.09.2021, laws will change and will allow us to fly in OPEN category without authorization. However, I recommend you to check this map in order to understand where are you flying. If you want to fly in an area restricted in that map, please follow the next steps.
- Download this document;
- After you complete this file, you have to send it to email@example.com (I recommend you to do this with at least 30 calendaristic days before - things are moving pretty slow in Romania);
- Great! Right now, you should have the authorization to fly in Romania. 🙂
- Even if you are authorized to fly your drone in some areas, you should announce your flight to Air Operations Center. You need to make a short call to +4021 315 0105 and give some information about you (e.g.: maximum flying height, period and other information). Instead, you will receive a flying number. Save that number!
- When you finish to fly your drone, make another call and announce that you finished;
If this article helped you or your process was different from this, please let us know! And don't forget to post your photos / videos on our website.
The original article written in Romanian can be found here.